Abstract Art Painting DefinitionSource(Google.com.pk)
Abstract art painting
Abstract art is style of painting where color and form (and sometimes the materials and support) make up the subject of the painting rather than it representing tangible objects or people.
An abstracted painting is one in which the subject is simplified or reduced to its essential forms, but where the viewer can 'interpret' it as having been derived from something 'real'.
A trend in painting and sculpture in the twentieth century. Abstract art seeks to break away from traditional representation of physical objects. It explores the relationships of forms and colors, whereas more traditional art represents the world in recognizable images.
In order to define it, first let’s take a look at some of the ways a painter can organize his efforts when painting in an abstract or nonobjective way. While both styles rely on the elements of art (shape, value, line, color, contrast, texture, form within a space), abstract art usually has a basis in reality, as in something being “abstracted.” The artist is the one in charge of what is being abstracted and to what degree. Sometimes the viewers can’t tell; sometimes they can.
In contrast, nonobjective art is totally reliant on the elements of art as subject. There’s no underlying reference to anything real. I make the distinction between abstract and nonobjective; a lot of artists do not. I regret that the two terms have become virtually interchangeable. We’ll use the term abstract in this article.
Abstract art isn’t synonymous with chaotic design. To avoid the “put some paint down and mush it around” syndrome, which, I’ll admit sometimes results in a good painting, a more considered approach will give you a leg up on producing a work that is well-designed and for which the application of materials match what you want to say; in short, a work that has meaning.
There are generally two types of paintings- representational and abstract. While representational painting portrays recognizable objects, abstract painting does not look like a particular object. Instead, abstract art is made up of designs, shapes and colors. (http://www.harley.com/art/abstract-art/ ) The meaning of abstract art is, in its most simplified form, art that relies on the emotions of the artist and the elements of design rather than exact representation. This broad definition allows artists almost unlimited freedom of expression. Some abstract artists create compositions that have no precedent in nature. Other abstract artists work from nature and then interpret their subjects in a nonrepresentational manner. In other words, as found on Wikipedia by Answers.com, when abstract art represents the natural world, it "does so by capturing something of its immutable intrinsic qualities rather than by imitating its external appearance." (http://www.answers.com/topic/abstract-art)
Historically, abstract art has existed for centuries, as Jewish and Islamic traditional forbids the use of representational art. (http://www.artelino.com/articles/abstract_art.asp) However, the roots of what we generally term "abstract art" can be traced to the Impressionism movement of the 1880s-1890s. Impressionism disregarded the notion that art was supposed to portray images. Post Impressionism continued this trend and placed more emphasis on the artist's emotions and expression. Wassily Kandinsky and Kasimir Malevich were the first to really create works that were pure abstraction. Kandinsky was the founder of the Abstraction movement and even published a book detailing his theories on art and spirituality, On the Spiritual in Art. (http://www.artelino.com/articles/abstract_art.asp) Kandinsky created a series of pieces with numbered titles beginning with, "Improvisation" and "Composition."