History Of Abstract Art Definition
Abstract art is a form of art in which an object or a form is developed in either a simplified way or an exaggerated manner. Abstract art is one of the major forms of art design which attracts a wide variety of people and art lovers. This form of art developed long back with a significant history comprising of various popular artists. Abstract landscape art, 3D abstract art, and fantasy abstract art are the most popular varieties of abstract art.
The three major forms of abstract art are cubism, neoplasticism, and abstract expressionism. Several artists are credited with the foundations of abstract art. Among those artists, the most famous cubists were Pablo Picasso and Georges. Piet Mondrian's works are one of the best examples of neoplasticism. Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock are excellent examples of abstract expressionism.
The history of abstract art involves more than 20,000 artists along with their interesting art backgrounds. Images and in-depth information of these artists are available in their biographies. History states that the abstract form of art design developed in the early 1900s. Neo-plasticism (1920-1940), abstract expressionism (1940-1955), conceptual art, contemporary realism, photorealism, and hyper realism (1960-1975), and neo-expressionism (1970-1990) are some of the major developmental stages in the history of abstract art.
Post-Modernism is a stage which began around 1975, and still considered very famous in abstract art form. Ancient history reveals the truth that abstract art had been used in decorations for textiles and pottery, even in the early twentieth century abstract patterns. In the twentieth century, abstract art type was widely accepted. The first original abstract art form was developed by Wassily Kandinsky in 1910. In 1912, he wrote a theory based on abstract art called On the Spiritual in Art. This theory stated that portrayed art should be based on spiritual realm, and not just the things we see ordinarily as the visual world.
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Abstraction is a visual aesthetic wherein colour and line are used to create an image of something that may exist in the real world. This is opposed to creating something which is effectively an illusion of reality. Abstract art is therefore any art which is non-realistic.
Historically by the end of the 19th century many European artists were under pressure to create realistic art, but simultaneously the invention of the photograph caused many artists to reevaluate their style and methodology of creating art. Thus with the advent of photography artists headed in a fundamentally different direction, away from realism and towards abstraction.
One of the noted early artists of this shift was French artist Edouard Manet, who created stylized paintings using an Oriental abstract aesthetic. Manet's work inspired the Impressionists (including Claude Monet) who focused on creating art which was more about the colour and the 'impression' of the scenery they were painting. Typically Impressionists enjoyed painting outdoors so they could capture the feeling of the light and sometimes the movement of water, leaves, wheat and so forth.
As photography and other forms of technology (ie. film) grew many artists began to develop more abstract art. These technological changes resulted in many social and intellectual arguments about the role of technology and art in society.
Abstract art - Non realistic art.
Nonfigurative art - Any art that does not show people or animals.
Nonobjective art - Any art that does not show any recognizable objects.
Nonrepresentational art - Any art that does not represent anything real, including symbols (ie. $, %, *) or any Jungian archetypes.
Geometric Abstraction - Art which uses geometry to create abstract images, regardless of whether they are symbolic or completely abstract.
Decorative Abstraction - Abstract art which is meant to be decorative, often repetitive. ie. Wallpaper.
Symbolic Abstraction - Art which uses abstraction to create symbolic images representative of ideas, people, creatures, objects, etc. Often used to represent abstract concepts such as sound waves and other things which cannot be seen.